I have/ Ive got

A   Ҿٴ I have Ive got he has hes got ѧ

I

we

you

they

 

have

 

 

 

 

I

we

you

they

 

Have got

( Ive got )

( weve got )

( youve got )

( theyve got )

 

he

she

it

 

have

 

 

Has got

( hes got )

( shes got

( its got )

·        Ive got dark brown eyes. ( I have bdark brown eyes. ) ѹյչӵ

·        Tim has got two sisters. ( Tim has to sisiters. ) Tim վ / ͧͧ

·        Our car has got four doors.

·        Diane isnt feeling well. Shes got a headache. ( shes got = she has got )

·        They like animals. Theyve a horse,three dogs and six cats.

B   I havent got /  have you got ?

       ʸ                                                             Ӷ                                           ͺẺ

I

we

you

they

 

have not

( havent )

 

 

 

got

 

 

have

I

we

you

they

 

 

 

got ?

 

 

Yes,

No,

I

we

you

they

 

have.

havent.

he

she

it

has not

( hasnt )

 

have

he

she

it

Yes,

No,

he

she

it

has.

hasnt

·        Ive got a motor bike but I havent got a car. ѹö¹

·        Mr and Mrs Harris havent got any children. йҧ I Harris ١

·        Its a nice house but it hasnt got a garden. ѹǹ

·        Have you got a camera ?  No, I havent.

·        What have you got in your bag ?  Notthing. Its empty.

·        Has Ann got a car ?  Yes, she has.

·        What kind of car has she got ?

C    I dont have / do you have ?

       Ҩ do / does 㹻¤ʸл¤Ӷ  

·        They dont have any children. ( = They havent got any children. ) ١

·        Its Its a nice house but it doesnt have a garden. ( it hasnt got a garden. ) ѹǹ

·        Does Ann have a car ? ( = Has Ann got a car ? ) Ann ö

·        How much moey do you have ? ( = How much money have you got? ) سԹ

Countable Noun

( countable / uncountable 1 )

        ӹҨѺ͹Ѻ

A     Countable nouns ( Ѻ )

        ҧ ( a ) car ( a ) man ( a ) key ( a ) house ( a ) flower ( a ) idea ( an ) accident

 

     Ҩ one / two / three ( ) + countable nouns ( öѺ ) ѧ

                          one car, two car, three men, four houses

     Countable nouns singular ( ͡  ) plular ( پ )

        singular :   a car     my car      the car

           plular :   cars       two cars    the cars     some cars     many cars  

·        Ive got  a car.

·        There arent many cars in the car park.

·        New cars are very expensive.

     singular ( car / house / key ) ⴴ ͧ a / an ˹

·        We cant get in without a key. ( withount key )

 

B     Uncountable nouns ( Ѻ )

       ҧ   water     air     rice     salt     plastic     money     music     tennis

 

Water          salt          money          music

     one / two / three ( ) + ҹ one water     two musics

     Uncountable nouns ٻ

           money     the money     my money     some money     much money   

·     Ive got some money.

·     There isnt much moey in the box.

·     Money isnt everything.

     a / an + uncountable nouns a money       a music

     a piece of / a glass of + uncountable nouns

          a glass of water                a can of oil                a bar of chocolate

          a piece of cheese              a bottle of milk         a piece of music

          a bowl of rice                   a cup of coffee          a game of tennis

 

 

 

Countable

( countable / uncountable )

A     a / an some

 

a / an + singular countable noun ( Ѻ͡ car / apple / shoe ) :

·        I need a new car.

·        Would you like an apple ?

some +  plular countable nouns ( Ѻپ cars / apples / shoes ) :

·        I need some new shoes.

·        Would you like some apples ?

some + uncountable nouns ( Ѻ water / money / music ) :

·        I need some money.

·        Would you like some cheese ?

·        ( Would you like a piece of cheese ? )

ºº a some

·        Linda bought a hat, some shoes and some perfume.

·        I read a new paper, worte some letters and listened to some music.

 

B     ӹ¤Ӻҧ駡Ѻҧ駡Ѻ ҧ

 

a cake                     some cake                      some cake    a piece of cake

a chicken               some chickens               some chicken   a piece of chicken

      

        ºº a paper  ( ˹ѧ; )   some paper

·      I want something to read. Im going to buy a paper.

                  I want to make a list. I need some paper / a piece of  paper. ( a paper )

C     ѧӹ仹»Ԩ繹Ѻ

        Information        advice        weather        news        bread        hair        furniture        work

·          I need some information about hotels in London. ( informations   )

·          Its nice weather today. ( a nice weather )

·          Listen ! Ive just had some good news. ( a good news )

·          Im going to buy some bread. ( a bread )

·          Sue has got very long hair.  ( hairs )

·          Theyve got some very nice furniture in their house. ( furnitures )

·          Do you like your job ?    Yes, but  its  hard  work,  ( a hard work )

Ҿٴ a  job a work

·          Ive got a new job ( a new work )

 this / that / these / those

A

this ( ͡ )

Do you like

this picture?

These ( پ  )

These flowers

are for you

 

that ( ͡ )

Do you like

that picture?

those ( پ )

Who are

those people

           

        This                         this pictuse                         that                   that pictuse

       ( )                       ( = ٻç )                                    ( )                     ( = ٻç )              

       these                        these flowers                those                     those people

    ( ҹ )                    ( = ͡ҹç )      ( ҹ )               ( = ҹç )

B        this / that / these / those Сͺӹ ( this picture / that girl ) դӹ

                     -  դӹ

·          This hotel is expensive but its very nice.

·          Whos that girl ?  I dont know.

·          Do you like these shoes ?   I bought them last week.

·          Those apples look nice. Can I have one ?

-     դӹ

·          This is a nice hotel but its very expensive.

·          Excuse me, is this you bag ?     Oh yes , thank you.

·          Whos that ? ( = Who is that person ? )

·          Which shoes do you like most ? These or those ?

C     that  =  úҧҧԴ 

·          Im sorry I forgot to phone you. Thats all right.

·          That was a really nice meal. Thank you very much.

that = ͧúҧ觾ٴ 

·          Youre a teacher, arent you ?   Yes thats right

·          Martin has got a new job.   Has he ? I didnt know  that.

·          Im going on holiday next week.   Oh, that,s nice.

D     this is is that ?  ҾٴѾ 

·          Hello, this is David.      ( this = ٴ )

·          Is that Sarah ?  ( that = ؤŷٴ )

this is 㹡йӺؤ 

·          A : Brian, this is Chai.

          B : Hello, Chai pleassed to meet you.

          D : Hello.

 

some any

A

 some

Ive got some money.

some 㹻¤͡

·       Im going to buy some clothes.

·       Theses some ice in the fridge.

·       We did some exercises.

any

I havent got any money.

any 㹻¤ʸ

·       Im not going to buy any clothes.

·       There isnt any orange juice in the fridge.

·       We didnt do amy exercises.

B       any  some 㹻¤Ӷ

         㹻¤Ӷǹ˭ ( ) any

·          Is there any ice in the fridge ?

·          Has he got any friends ?

·          Do you need any help ?

  some (   any ) ʹ觢ͧ

  ( would you like? )

·          A : would you like some coffee ?

·          B : Yes, please.

  Ң觢ͧ ( Can I have )

·          A : Can I have some soup, please?

           B : Yes, Help yourself.

·        A : Can you lend me some money ?

   B :  Sure. How much do you need ?

C     some any ӹ

·          I didnt take any photographs but Ann took some. ( = some photographs )

·          You can have some coffee but I dont want any. ( = any coffee )

·          Ive just made some coffee. Would you like some ? ( = some coffee )

·          Wheres your luggage ?  I havent got any. ( = any luggage )

·          are there any biscuits ?  Yes, there are some in the kitchen. ( = some biscuits )

D

something / somebody ( someone )

= úҧҧ / úҧ

·        She said something.

·        I saw somebody  ( someone ).

·        Would you like something to eat ?

·       Quick ! Somebodys coming.

anything / anybody ( amgone)

= úҧ / úҧ

·        She didnt say anything.

·        I didnt see anybody ( angone. )

·        Are you doing angthing this evening ?

·        Wheres Ann ? Has anybody seen her ?